After Pentecost

After Pentecost


Acts 2:14-21 (ESV) ~ But Peter, standing with the eleven, lifted up his voice and addressed them: “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and give ear to my words. For these people are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day. But this is what was uttered through the prophet Joel: “‘And in the last days it shall be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh, and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams; even on my male servants and female servants in those days I will pour out my Spirit, and they shall prophesy. And I will show wonders in the heavens above and signs on the earth below, blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke; the sun shall be turned to darkness and the moon to blood, before the day of the Lord comes, the great and magnificent day. And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.’


This is the first part of the first sermon ever preached in the new church, after Jesus’ ascension and Pentecost, that is, after the coming of the Holy Spirit. If we would uncomplicate ourselves and preach what Peter preached today, what a difference would exist in men’s lives, in the church and in the world.


Immediately following “Pentecost”, the believers were infilled. They were so full of the Holy Spirit, so full of God’s presence and joy, they could only act excited, speak about the wonderful works of God, express joy and rejoicing in what God had done, demonstrate absolute confidence, assurance and conviction of God’s presence and eternal salvation, and bear testimony to all who would listen


  • Such behavior required an explanation. It was not common behavior, not among a people who lived in a world of trial and uncertainty, struggle and survival, pain and hurt, suffering and death; a people who knew their world was such, but who evaded the fact and did all they could to escape the reality of it.
    • A person who demonstrated absolute confidence, assurance, and conviction of God’s presence and of eternal salvation had to explain himself.
    • Some in the world were amazed at such behavior and wished to know what it meant. An answer was required.
    • Others mocked, jokingly suggesting that such behavior was crazy and foolish, just like the behavior of a drunken man; and they, too, were due an answer.
  • A spirit-filled person is not under the influence of a man-made, induced excitement. Peter stood to his feet with the eleven other apostles: they all stood before the thousands who had gathered (Acts 2:41). Peter spoke at the top of his voice. Note the authority and forcefulness of Peter! What a difference the Spirit had made in this man—the man who had been so up and down in following Jesus:
    • “Be this known”
    • “Hearken to my words.”
    • “It is but the third house (9am) of the day.”
  • Peter declared that they were not deluded; they were not acting and speaking foolish things like a drunken man. What was happening was just what Scripture predicted. It was the work of God, just what God had promised to man. It was the glorious gospel (good news) promised by God.


Look at verse 16: “But this is what was uttered through the prophet Joel:”


  • These are the last days, the days of God’s last work on earth. Standing there before the throng of thousands, Peter declared:
    • Today, this day, the great prophecy of Joel begins to be fulfilled (Joel 2:28-32).
    • Today, this day, begins the last days of earth’s history.
    • Today, this day, begins the last days of God’s work on earth.
    • Today, this day, begins the last days, the final age of God’s plan for human history.
    • Today, this day, begins the last days, the dispensation of God’s grace, the age of the gospel.


  • The last days include the great outpouring of God’s Spirit.
    • The word “pour” (ekcheōPWS: 2969) means to pour out, to pour forth, to shed forth. It means that God gives His Spirit . . .
      • to dwell in the believer (John 14:17; 1 Cor. 6:19-20).
      • to abide with the believer forever (John 14:16).
      • to fill, to overflow, to abundantly fill the believer (Ephes. 5:18).
      • to give very special manifestations of Christ to the believer (John 14:21).
    • God pours out His Spirit upon all flesh …
      • upon son and daughters.
      • upon young men and old men
      • upon His slaves, servants, and handmaidens.
      • upon all social classes
      • upon all economical classes
    • God pours out His Spirit with very special gifts . . .
      • the gift of prophecy: proclaiming and predicting the truth. Note this gift is given to both men and women. This was part of the Scriptural promise.
      • the gift of seeing visions, especially among young men. The Greek word “visions” (horaseis PWS: 4236) means appearance (Rev. 4:3) or an ecstatic revelation (Rev. 9:17). In Scripture the Greek word is used for both what a man can envision (see, imagine, think, cause to appear) within his own mind and what is given him by God through a special revelation (Rev. 9:17).
      • the gift of dreaming dreams, especially among older men. The idea is that a dream is given by God.
    • God pours out His Spirit only upon His servants and upon His handmaidens. This is the emphasis of this verse, the reason for repeating what has just been said. Note that the verse is a summary statement: no one receives God’s Spirit, no one, not until they become His servant or His handmaiden.
    • God gifts His servants and His handmaidens with one very special gift—the gift of prophecy. Again, the point is primary, to stress what is so important. The gift of prophecy, of proclaiming that God’s very own Son has come into the world to save sinners, is the primary gift of God’s Spirit. Every one of God’s servants and handmaidens are gifted to prophesy.

As we mentioned earlier, this was the first sermon preached for the New Testament Church. The plan of salvation is just as easy and plain in this sermon. (Verse 21 ~ “And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.’”


  • The last days include the days of great salvation. Throughout the last days, during the whole period, man can be saved by doing two simple things:
    • He has to call: to sense the need to be saved.
    • He has to call upon “the name of the Lord”: to know and believe that Jesus is the Lord and to be ready to submit to His Lordship, to serve Him as Lord.


Acts 2:42-47 (ESV) ~ And they devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers. And awe came upon every soul, and many wonders and signs were being done through the apostles. And all who believed were together and had all things in common. And they were selling their possessions and belongings and distributing the proceeds to all, as any had need. And day by day, attending the temple together and breaking bread in their homes, they received their food with glad and generous hearts, praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to their number day by day those who were being saved.

  The early church and early believers of the FIRST New Testament Church were a people who continued steadfastly, persevere, endure, stick, persist (A person doesn’t quit, back off, fade away or slip back.) in four things:

  • In doctrine:
    • The teaching, the instruction of the apostles. This would include both what Christ taught and His death and resurrection and ascension or exaltation. It would be the same teaching and instructions…
      • that are shared in the New Testament.
      • that the disciples wrote to various churches and bodies of believers.
    • The teaching would be no different. There is only one message, only one Word that saves and roots and grounds people in the Lord—the Word of God Himself, the message of the New Testament. On the day of Pentecost, the persons who were saved needed to be grounded in the faith. And the only message that could ground them was the message found in the New Testament. It was that message, that doctrine they were taught.
    • Note a striking fact: we can be saved and rooted and grounded in the very same message. God has given us the very same doctrines and instructions to root and ground us. We can have a true, dynamic apostolic experience and maturity in the Lord. We can grow and know the Lord as intimately as the early believers knew the Lord. In fact, we come short if we do not, for we have the very same doctrine, teachings, and instructions that they had.
  • In Fellowship:
    • The fellowship wrought by the Spirit of God means more than the association existing in secular groups such as civic clubs and community bodies. There is a vast difference between community participation and spiritual participation. Community participation is based upon neighborly association. Spiritual participation is based upon a spiritual union wrought by the Spirit of God.
    • The distinctiveness is this: the Holy Spirit is within the Christian believer. The Holy Spirit creates a spiritual union by melting and molding the heart of the Christian believer to the hearts of other believers. He attaches the life of one believer to the lives of other believers. Through the Spirit of God, believers become one in life and purpose. They have a joint life sharing their blessings and needs and gifts together. Note several things about fellowship that are taught by this passage:
      • Fellowship is being experienced by the new believers because they join other Christians in learning the Scriptures (apostles’ teachings) and in worship (prayers and celebrating the Lord’s Supper, Acts 2:41-42).
      • Fellowship forbids an unattached Christian life. Their fellowship is maintained because they “continue stedfastly” in the Scriptures and in worship. An unattached Christian life is just impossible.
        • Christianity is first an individual matter, but then it becomes a social matter. The Christian is attached to Christ individually, but he is also attached to other believers. He walks with other believers in the Scriptures and in worship.
        • Christianity is first a spiritual organism, but then it becomes a spiritual organization. The Christian has an inward life, but he also takes on an outward form of life. He becomes a living organization with other Christian believers. He sits at the feet of the apostles’ teaching and joins right in with other Christians as they worship together.
        • Christianity makes the true believer a saint (one who is set apart unto God), but Christianity is made up of saints—plural. Christianity is not just one person; Christianity is many persons—saints. The word is often used in the New Testament, but it is never used in the singular. Christianity is Christianity because the saints study the Scriptures together and worship together.
        • Christianity demands that a believer personally live out such virtues as kindness, longsuffering, and love; but the believer can do this only in association with others.
        • Christianity means that the Spirit of God has entered the believer’s life, but it also means that the Spirit of God has placed the believer into a corporate body (the church), into Christian society itself. The Spirit of God indwells the corporate body of believers as well as the individual.
      • Lord’s Supper:
        • The phrase “breaking of bread” means the early believers observed and remembered the Lord’s death. They set aside some time to observe what churches call communion, or the Lord’s Supper, or the Eucharist. Note they observed the Lord’s Supper daily (Acts 2:46). Why did they observe it so often?
          • The Lord’s Supper was the one ordinance Christ had given to symbolize His death. And it was His death that had saved them. Because of His death, they were now…
            • Reconciled to God
            • In Fellowship with God
            • Infilled with the Spirit of God
            • Bearing all of the Fruit of God (Galatians 5:22-23)
          • All they now were and had was due to the death of Christ. They wanted to remember and thank God for His great love demonstrated in the death of His Son, and to do it often.
        • Prayer:
          • The early believers were a people who persevered in prayer—the idea is church prayer, united prayer with the whole body of believers.
          • Through prayer they were brought into the most intimate fellowship and presence of God. They could get no closer to God than when they were drawing nigh to God through prayer.
            • Psalm 145:18 (ESV) ~ The LORD is near to all who call on him, to all who call on him in truth.
            • Psalm 73:28 (ESV) ~ But for me it is good to be near God; I have made the Lord GOD my refuge, that I may tell of all your works.
            • Hebrews 7:19 (ESV) ~ (for the law made nothing perfect); but on the other hand, a better hope is introduced, through which we draw near to God.
            • Matthew 18:20 (ESV) ~ For where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I among them.
          • Through prayer they received things from God. They received His provision for both their souls and lives.
            • Matthew 21:22 (ESV) ~ And whatever you ask in prayer, you will receive, if you have faith.
            • John 16:24 (ESV) ~ Until now you have asked nothing in my name. Ask, and you will receive, that your joy may be full.
Pastor Andy Lambert

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