Who is God? The Names of God (Adonai, Jehoah-Rophe, & Jehovah-Shalom)

Sunday, November 13, 2016


People are interesting because there is an infinite variety of them. People are complex and different; God is even more interesting. He is infinitely complex in the truest sense and that is why He has so many names. Note the things that can be found in this name are significant.



  • Defined: “The name signifies ownership, mastery, indicating the truth that God is the owner of each member of the human family and that He consequently claims the unrestricted obedience of all.”
  • Illustrated:
    • Masters of Masters – Deuteronomy 10:17-20 ~ “For the LORD your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward: He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment. Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.”
    • Master – Malachi 1:6 ~ “A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour? and if I be a master, where is my fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?”
    • Master – Acts 9:6 ~ “And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the city, and it shall be told thee what thou must do.”
  • He is absolute sovereign over all creatures
  • He is absolute sovereign, but He is not a harsh master in that sovereignty.



  • Adonai requires surrender
    • Isaiah 6:1-8 ~ “In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory. And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke. Then said I, Woe is me! for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts. Then flew one of the seraphims unto me, having a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar: And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged. Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then said I, Here am I; send me.
    • Exodus 32:13 ~ “Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swarest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever.”
  • He is absolute sovereign. The only question is whether or not I recognize Him as such.



  • This is defined by such passages as:
    • Exodus 4:10 ~ “And Moses said unto the LORD, O my Lord, I am not eloquent, neither heretofore, nor since thou hast spoken unto thy servant: but I am slow of speech, and of a slow tongue.”
    • Deuteronomy 10:20 ~ “Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.”
    • John 13:13-16 ~ “Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am. If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another’s feet. For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you. Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him.”



He is Lord. He is such a Lord that we need not be afraid of Him. He is such a Lord as to require surrender to bless service. How do you relate to this Lord of Lords?


Jehovah – Rophe

Bitterness is a major problem among Christians. Only God Himself knows the amount of damage that is done by this negative emotion.

Exodus 15:22-26 ~ “So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water. And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah. And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink? And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD shewed him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them, And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that healeth thee.”


  • The Issue
    • The people murmured against Moses
      • It was actually against God
      • God saw their lack of faith
      • This was a mark of folly in the light of recent deliverance.
    • The waters were not the only thing bitter
    • Bitterness and lack of faith always go together
      • Bitterness at God because we won’t believe His goodness
      • Bitterness at circumstances because we don’t believe His providence
      • Bitterness at people because we don’t believe His ability to handle them and the situations
  • The Crisis
    • They find water
    • They could not drink it because it was bitter
    • This caused murmuring against Moses
  • The Situation:
    • They had crossed the Red Sea
    • They had gone three days journey
    • They had found no water
  • The Answer
    • The tree cast into the water stands for the cross which sweetens the bitter
    • God made a covenant with them
      • “If thou wilt harken, do right, give ear, keep statues”
      • “I will put none of the diseases upon thee that have come upon thee”
      • “I am the Lord that healeth”
  • The Application
    • We can escape the plagues that come as a result of violating God’s conditions
    • He can heal bitterness through the cross
      • The bitterness of sin
      • Bitterness toward God
      • Bitterness toward circumstances as we are a special purchased possession
      • Bitterness toward others


Bitterness is neither inescapable nor unavoidable. God has made provision to care for our bitterness just as He did for the children of Israel. Are you bitter?



Judges 6:24 ~ “Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.”


  • The Background of Jehovah-Shalom
    • Judges covers a time frame great than American history to this point
    • There are seven periods of trail and deliverance
    • At this point, they were going through time of trail by the hand of the Midianites
  • The Introduction of Jehovah-Shalom
    • Gideon: a common mad with a common task
    • A visitor comes and discusses his assignment
    • He becomes aware that the man represents God
    • Gideon was filled with fear
      • He recognized the awesomeness of God
      • He realized something of the holiness of God
    • He gives Him reassurance in a specific word (verse 23)
    • Gideon builds an altar there
      • Altars represent the place where God and man meet
      • Altars were only rightly built in places of great spiritual experience
  • The meaning of Jehovah-Shalom
    • The Lord is my peace or the Lord is at peace with me
    • Gideon had three concerns at the moment
      • He had a specific problem: fear of immediate death
        • No man could see God and live
        • He expected to die
      • He had a general problem of fear engendered by the sight of God
      • He had external problems of great size awaiting him
    • God met all of Gideon’s concerns
      • He told him he would not die
      • He told him not even to be afraid
      • He told him that He would give him peace
    • This was what Gideon was memorializing
  • The Message of Jehovah-Shalom
    • We have the same types of concerns that faced Gideon
      • Specific fear, etc.
      • General unrest
      • External difficulties
  • We need the same message as Gideon
    • God can solve our problems
    • Only God can solve our problems
    • The answers to our problems are internal and not in externals
    • The answers to our problems are in our relationship to God
    • We may need an encounter with God in order to find the answers


Have you built an altar to Jehovah-Shalom? Do you even know who Jehovah-Shalom is? Are you looking for answers in place where you cannot possibly find them? The answer lies within, from the Lord, and it may be time for the experience that seals it.

Pastor Andy Lambert

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